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Periodontics is a branch of dentistry aimed at treating diseases related to the gums and the bone that supports the teeth.
Each tooth is embedded in the bone, strongly attached by a series of structures that guarantee its strength and proper functioning.
Occasionally, the structures that surround and support the teeth (gum and bone) may be affected and if not treated in time, we may end up losing our teeth.
At Dentix, we can detect the different stages involved in this process and help to correct them. This process is called periodontitis, and is commonly known as "pyorrhoea".
Causes of periodontal disease
The main cause is an infection that results from various types of bacteria.
Most of these bacteria are present in the mouth of any individual under normal circumstances, however some people have a defence system that is ineffective in fighting them.
This is when the infection occurs that will progressively weaken our teeth.
The main long-term consequence is the loss of most or all of the teeth.
This loss brings with it the consequences associated with toothlessness:
Significant aesthetic alteration, pain, bad breath, bleeding gums, etc.
Sometimes, this condition can produce heart problems in susceptible patients.
This is why it is important to go in for periodic check-ups at your nearest Dentix practice and correctly treat any symptoms related to periodontitis with the help of professionals.
There are a number of symptoms that allow us to recognise this condition in any of its stages:
Any periodontal condition begins in the gum. The gums turn from pink to deep red, increasing slightly in size with mild pain and bleeding when brushing the teeth.
Moderate periodontitis stage
The gum retracts, that is, the teeth appear longer. You can see large deposits of tartar on the teeth, especially on the lower front teeth. There is slight mobility of the teeth. Sometimes the teeth move and spaces are created between them.
The gums appear red and bleed easily. Halitosis (bad breath) and a bad taste in the mouth are both characteristic. Sometimes very cold or very hot foods or drinks can produce pain.
Advanced or severe periodontitis stage
All the above symptoms are intensified. The teeth move excessively until they end up falling out. The gum bleeds abundantly and hurts, which prevents the patient from brushing their teeth properly, aggravating the problem even more.
In the initial stages it can be corrected. But in most cases it tends to be a chronic condition.
This means that when the disease is in an advanced stage and a lot of bone support has already been lost, the most that can be done is to stop the progression of the disease so that it doesn't get any worse. The lost bone is difficult to recover. However, there are regenerative techniques that can sometimes give very good results.
At Dentix we can assess whether the patient is eligible for receiving this type of treatment.
The basic treatment consists of eliminating the existing infection by thoroughly cleansing the entire mouth, under local anaesthesia.
If the condition is very advanced or requires regeneration, a small surgical intervention will be necessary, also under local anaesthesia. Antibiotics can be used to complement the treatment.
What’s most important is that the patient is aware of their problem and accepts that, after the initial treatment, they will need to go to their dentist at least once a year to have an annual cleaning, for the rest of their life. Oral hygiene is essential in order to treat these types of problems. Only in this way can an effective therapy be achieved.
Basic step-by-step treatment
The basic treatment consists of a thorough cleaning by scaling the gum using an ultrasonic device, curettes (scraping instrument) and polishers, in order to remove all the bacterial plaque that is causing the problem. This task is going to be performed by our dentist, so that after the cleaning the inflammation decreases and the gum once again adheres to the tooth, forming a barrier that will prevent bacteria from passing through.
The basic treatment is done in parts. The mouth is divided into 4 quadrants, each of which is treated in different sessions. Each cleaning session is done under local anaesthesia, meaning it is pain-free. It lasts for about 45-60 min. At the end of the session and once the anaesthetic effect has worn off, the patient reports very slight discomfort and, in 3 or 4 days, the condition of the gums shows very significant improvements.
In severe cases of periodontitis, when the condition is very pronounced, it has existed for an extended period of time and the patient has already experienced a considerable amount of bone loss.
In these cases, before any restorative treatment, it is necessary to replace the lost structures to the greatest extent possible. To do so, various biomaterials are used: membranes, amelogenin, bone, etc. All this is effectively combined to restore the lost anatomy.
Prevention of periodontal diseases
Periodontitis is caused by a generalised infection of the mouth. Therefore, at Dentix we recommend that you:
Maintain optimal levels of hygiene that prevent bacterial development.
Brush your teeth after every meal.
Go to your Dentix practice every 4 or 6 months for a check-up.
The Dentix Method in periodontal treatments
The Dentix Method guarantees the successful periodontal treatment of all our patients.
To this end, the Dentix Method commits to having qualified professionals at all of our practices with extensive experience in the treatment of different levels and stages of periodontitis.
To improve their effectiveness, our professionals use the latest developments in dental technology.
In order to make dentistry accessible, the Dentix Method also provides you with access to exclusive pricing offers and interest-free financing for your periodontal treatment.